Conservatism - be based on any rational ideas or be...

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Conservatism Generally considered to have been formed by Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel in  1834, in his ‘Tamworth Manifesto’. The link was to progress and reform. Benjamin Disraeli (PM 1874-80) associated with Tory democracy. He that all people  should have the right to a share in democracy, though he noticed the dangers of the  huge voting powers of the working class, the risk of capitalist power dividing the  country into two nations, and the risk of losing the traditional power of the Church,  Monarchy, etc.  Thatcher transformed the nature of the party when she came to power. Many of the  traditional values were abandoned. Those who objected to these changes became  known as ‘one-nation’ Tories. Supporters of Thatcherism knew them simply as ‘wets’.  Traditional Conservative beliefs: People are imperfect, irrational and imperfectible, so no political action should 
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Unformatted text preview: be based on any rational ideas or be designed to grant excessive amounts of political freedom. • Any political system should be aimed at preserving order. • No changes should be too radical; all that is good in society should be preserved. • There must be continuity between the past and the present (eg. Traditional institutions, radical ruling class, etc) • Abstract political principles and ideologies should be treated with suspicion and generally opposed. • The state should promote individualism, and maximum opportunities for the people. • Private property ownership should be encouraged. ‘The aim of conservatism has always been to conserve what is good and to improve what is bad.’ Francis Pym, The Politics of Consent, 1984....
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