Fascism - compare and contrast

Fascism - compare and contrast - Compare and contrast two...

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Compare and contrast two fascist movements. The word ‘fascism’ comes from the Latin  fascio , meaning a bundle of firewood. In  Italy, after World War 1, the name was taken over by right wing nationalistic  groups who formed combat squads. These squads came together in 1922 to  found the first Fascist Party. The intellectual traditions behind Fascism are  ultraconservative and the thinkers behind this type of ideology, such as Friedrich  Nietzsche, Count Gaetano Mosca and Vilfredo Pareto, were not only anti- democratic but also virulently opposed to Socialism, which had been steadily  developing since the 1880s.  The National Socialist German Workers’ Party – the Nazi party- emerged during  the mutinies and revolutionary risings following Germany’s defeat in World War 1  but it did not become crucially important until the world economic crisis of the  1930s. Hitler, who became its leader, was legally installed as Chancellor in 1933.  In the election of 1933, the Nazis did not win an overall majority; they won only  43% of the vote, but they had gained power. Almost instantaneously the state  became subject to Hitler’s totalitarian dictatorship and Germany became a one  party state. Trade unions and left wing parties were abolished and education and  the Church were brought under Nazi control - there was strict censorship of the 
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PPE PPE taught by Professor None during the Summer '08 term at Oxford University.

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Fascism - compare and contrast - Compare and contrast two...

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