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Unformatted text preview: In what ways is fascism totalitarian in nature? The word ‘totalitarianism’ was invented by Italian fascists to encapsulate their drive to nationalise the Italian masses; their aim was to incorporate them within a hierarchal, mobilised, militarised community serving the needs of Italy. Generally, fascists aim to restructure society in accordance with an ideological blueprint and totalitarian theorists argue that in traditional societies a person’s place in the world is dictated by ‘divine plan’ or destiny. Many contemporary scholars see extreme nationalism as the core of fascist ideology. Roger Griffin argues that fascism is a form of ‘populist ultranationalism’ which seeks to reconstruct the nation following a period of perceived crisis and decline – this would tie in well with the rise of Nazism in Germany following the Wall Street Crash of the 1929 and the poor economic conditions of the 1920s and 1930s. Griffin uses the term ‘palingenetic’ to characterise fascism. conditions of the 1920s and 1930s....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PPE PPE taught by Professor None during the Summer '08 term at Oxford University.
- Summer '08