Civil War Battles - Part 1 - Review Questions Where were...

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Review Questions: Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired? “Fort S_ _ _ _ _ _ _R” What advantages did the South have at the outset of war? What advantages did the North have at the outset of war?
CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES NORTH ADVANTAGES Larger population More industry More resources Better banking system More railroad mileage Abraham Lincoln More ships DISADVANTAGES Faced hostile people Southern territory unfamiliar
CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES SOUTH ADVANTAGES Strong popular support Familiar territory Superior military leadership DISADVANTAGES Smaller population Few factories Less food production Fewer railroad miles Fewer ships Jefferson Davis Belief in states’ rights
Strategies Anaconda Plan King Cotton South used a defensive war. Try to make allies with other countries (Britain and France) Europe needs cotton South tries force them to help by controlling cotton trade. Use a Blockade to cut off the south. •Stops supplies and reinforcements Control the Mississippi to cut the south in half But the plan takes a lot of time Lincoln does not want to wait and order the invasion of Virginia.
CIVIL WAR STRATEGIES NORTH The Anaconda Plan 1. Blockade the South 2. Split the Confederacy by gaining control of the Mississippi River 3. Capture Richmond, the Confederate capital
CIVIL WAR STRATEGIES SOUTH WIN RECOGNITION AS AN INDEPENDENT NATION 1. Capture Washington, D.C. 2. Seize central Pennsylvania 3. Defend homeland until North tired of fighting 4. Get Britain to pressure North to end blockade to restore cotton supplies
AIM: American Civil War Battles – Part 1
1 st Battle of Bull Run Who Union: General Irvin McDowell Confederate: Thomas J. Jackson aka: “Stonewall Jackson” When/Where When: July 21, 1861 Where: Bull Run (Manasses) What Total Dead: 4,700 Lincoln orders 30,000 inexperienced soldiers towards Richmond Met inexperienced Confederate Army Battle was close (back & forth) Picnickers in nice clothes watched battle from afar – held up Union retreat Who Won? Confederacy: “Jackson standing like a Stonewall” So What? (Results) Union troops retreat to DC Confederate troops too tired to attack DC Confederate morale is UP Reality check: Maybe war is not going to be easy!!!
General George McClellan Lincoln Appoints McClellan trains “Army of the Potomac”
Fort Henry & Fort Donelson Who Union: Ulysses S. Grant Confederate: ~ not important~ (Gen Lloyd Tilghman/John B. Floyd) When/Where When: Feb. 6 1862: Henry Where: Tennessee Feb 11-16, 1862: Donelson What Total Dead: 17,517 Part of Anaconda Plan o Divide Confederacy @ Mississippi 11 Days: Captured 2 Confederate Forts Who Won? Union So What? (Results) Grant establishes reputation as a solid General – Known as “ Unconditional Surrender Grant” Begins to divide Confederacy
Shiloh Who Union: Ulysses S. Grant/Don Carlos Buell Confederate: Albert S. Johnston/Pgt. Beauregard When/Where When: April 6-7, 1862 Where: Tennessee What Total Dead: 23,746

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