Euro Sept 10 Class

Euro Sept 10 Class - European Civilizations Prof. Zimmerman...

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European Civilizations Prof. Zimmerman Enlightened Absolutism: Subject and State in Prussia, Austria, and Russia - Rise of absolutism from feudalism - Moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant (related to absolutist state) o What is the categorical imperative? 1) How did the Absolutist State solve political and economic problems inherited from feudalism? Key Terms (Define and give significance) * Feudalism Emerged with the decline of the Roman empire ruled much of western Europe and had a double structure Central state (senators in Rome) Large agricultural estates run by nobles but balanced by state power in Rome Fall of Rome, estates remain, State is lost Mix of politics and economics Economically, the lord does not work as a farmer, even though the vast majority is agriculture Had farmers, called peasants, living on his estate They were required to give either goods or labour to the lords Very little money, exchanges done in kind Politically, the lord ruled as well Peasants were forbidden to leave Judge for peasants, controlled marriages, military, etc. Landlord role Convention, obligation, and dependency Lord gets X number of Y from you every Z months Lord has to provide and take care of his peasants as well Local officials and churches were dependent on the lords Protestant Revolution Estates were owned by families (they were entailed) and has to be run a specific way Run by aristocrats Associated with pre-capitalist economies Problems with Feudalism: Everything is regulated by tradition and obligation, therefore it is difficult to make political innovation (which is what the lords want) Increasing number of agricultural goods, then luxuries to create limitless economic needs
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Lords were greedy and wanted to make as much profit as possible and can through feudalism Monarchy becomes more important as centralized state becomes more important (especially in 17 th and 18 th centuries) Firearms and professional armies Hired mercenaries war becomes expensive System is hard to change, to get more wealth out of static system Lords and state (war making) both want more money
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 040 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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Euro Sept 10 Class - European Civilizations Prof. Zimmerman...

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