reviewsheet - These lists are ideal for making flash cards....

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These lists are ideal for making flash cards. Go through all of this information and pick each topic you think is worth making a flash card for. Put the unbolded text on the blank side of the card, and the bolded text on the lined part of the card. Make sure to give brief descriptions of each bolded term in the lists. Some of the definitions are below. The terms and definitions could be studied using flash cards as well. ‘emergent properties’ of water due to H-bonding: 1.cohesion 2.surface tension 3.kinetic energy/specific heat vs. water density 5.solubility Four macromolecules: 1. Carbohydrates 2. lipids 3. polypeptides/proteins 4. nucleic acids Three lipids: 1. triglyceride 2. phospholipid 3. steroid Three polysaccharides: 1. cellulose 2. starch 3. glycogen Four levels of polypeptide structure: 1. primary 2. secondary 3. tertiary 4. quaternary Three components of a nucleic acid 1. phosphate 2. pentose sugar 3. nitrogenous base Prokaryotes Small one membrane, no compartments nucleoid cell wall flagella Eukaryotes Bigger Many membranes and compartments Nucleus Can have a cell wall or not Can have flagella or not Three cytoskeleton structures: 1. microfilaments 2. intermediate filaments 3. microtubules, Three types of endocytosis: 1. phagocytosis 2. pinocytosis 3. receptor-mediated endocytosis First two laws of thermodynamics: 1. Energy cannot be created or destroyed 2. the universe desires to have more entropy and less order Three common types of light absorbing molecules: 1. chlorophyll a 2. carotenoids 3. chlorophyll b Three types of plants(more energy efficient ) 1. C3 2. C4 3. CAM Three stages of signal recognition: 1. reception 2. transduction 3. response Three typical pathways of transduction: 1. phosphorylation cascades 2. cAMP secondary messengers 3. IP 3 secondary messengers Four phases in cell cycle: 1. G1 2. S 3. G2 4. M Three models of DNA replication: 1. conservative 2. dispersive 3. semiconservative Four types of chromosomal alterations: 1. duplication 2. inversion 3. translocation 4. deletion Four nucleotide monomers in DNA: 1. Adenosine triphosphate 2. guanosine triphosphate 3. thymosine triphosphate 4. cytosine triphosphate Three stages of transcription: 1. initiation 2. elongation 3. termination Three sites in the ribosome [APE] 1. A mino acid binding site 2. P olypeptide elongation site 3. E xit site Special codons on mRNA: START: AUG STOP: UAA, UAG, UGA
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Three types of general bacterial genetic recombination mechanisms: 1. transformation 2. transduction 3. conjugation Three modes of selection: 1. directional 2. stabilizing 3. disruptive Know this equation: Respiration moving to the left and Photosynthesis moving to the right; E stands for energy which is either heat and ATP or sunlight: E + 6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Mneumonics: Seven properties of life [GRRROAM]: Growth and Development; Regulation; Reproduction; Response to the Enviroment; Order; Adaptation; Metabolism [OIL RIG]: Oxidation Is Loss, Reduction Is Gain
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course BIOL 240 taught by Professor Steffen during the Spring '08 term at University of Louisville.

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reviewsheet - These lists are ideal for making flash cards....

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