ex3notes - I a b II a b c d e Social Stratification...

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I. Social Stratification a. Definition: i. Structured inequality ii. Of entire categories of people iii. Different access to social reward iv. As a result of their position in the hierarchy b. Two Systems (Ideal type) i. Class/Open System 1. Everyone has an equal opportunity to be successful ii. Caste/Closed System 1. If your born in a certain social class, you'll forever be in that social class II. Poverty a. Percent of Children in Poverty i. In the United States overall at 9% ii. In Pa 15.5% 1. *Ranks 26th in the nation iii. Mississippi has highest percentage of children in poverty at 31% iv. New Hampshire has the lowest percentage of children in poverty at 9% b. Inequality in the Unites States i. Can we think of any aspect of individual behavior or social life that is unaffected by social class? 1. Social class effects everything we do c. Distribution of Population - Distribution of Income i. Richest 1/5 - 49% ii. Next 1/5 - 23% iii. Middle 1/5 - 15% iv. Second 1/5 - 9% v. Bottom 1/5 - 4% d. Poverty Data i. Nearly 1/2 the 6 billion people in the world are poor ii. More than 20,000 people died yesterday of extreme poverty e. 3 Degrees of Poverty i. Extreme Poverty (Absolute Poverty) 1. Defined by the World Bank as getting by on an income of less than $1 a day, means that households cannot meet basic needs for survival 2. Poverty that kills 3. Only exists in developing countries ii. Moderate Poverty
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1. Defined as living on $1-$2 a day, refers to conditions in which basic needs are met, but just barley iii. Relative Poverty 1. Defined by a household income level below a given proportion of the national range, means lacking things that the middle class now takes for granted iv. Most societies with the right ingredients 1. Good harbors, close contacts with the rich world, favorable climates, adequate energy sources, and freedom from epidemic diseases 2. Have escaped extreme poverty f. Big 5 Development Intervention i. Boosting Agriculture 1. With fertilizers, cover crops, irrigation, and improved seeds ii. Improving Basic Health 1. A village clinic 2. Free anti-malarial bed nets 3. Effective anti-malarial medicines and treatments for HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections iii. Investing In Education 1. Including meals etc. iv. Bringing Power Electricity v. Providing Clean Water and Sanitation vi. Points from Jeffery Sachs - The End of Poverty g. As Social Expenditures in a country rise the child poverty rates falls h. Cost of Health Care i. The annual premium that a health insurer charges an employer for a health plan covering a family of 4 averaged $12,100 in 2007 III. Theories of Stratification a. Functionalist i. Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore ii. Outline of Theory 1. Different positions in society have differing degrees of functional importance 2. Adequate performance requires different amount of training 3. Personnel with adequate amounts of training are scarce a. People with training want rewards 4. Society becomes Stratified iii. Criticisms of Davis and Moore 1. Some roles have little value but are highly rewarded
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2. Some roles have a lot have a lot of value but are not
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ex3notes - I a b II a b c d e Social Stratification...

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