Exam 2 notes

Exam 2 notes - I. Population Demography= Scientific study...

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I. Population a. Demography= Scientific study of population b. Population of the U.S. 302.2 Million c. World Population is 6.6 Billion i. Population Reference Bureau d. 3 Factors affecting population Growth and Decline i. Birth, Death, Migration ii. Birth 1. Fertility a. U.S. fertility rate = 2.1 i. Replacement level fertility- keeps population at a  constant rate b. China - 1.6 c. Ukraine - 1.2 d. Spain - 1.3 e. Niger - 7.9 f. Burundi - 6.8 g. Haiti - 4.0 2. Fecundity a. A woman's biological potential for reproduction b. Russian peasant woman (1725-1765) i. 69 Kids ii. 27 Pregnancies iii. 16 pairs of twins, 7 sets of triplets, 4 sets of  quadruplets c. Woman in Chile had 65 children 3. Birth Rate a. Number of children born for every 1,000 people alive iii. Death 1. Death Rate = number of deaths per 1,000 people 2. Life Expectancy = potential number of years a person can be  expected to live based on year of birth a. Japan - 82 b. U.S. - 78 c. Canada and France - 80 d. Australia - 81 e. Zimbabwe, Zambia - 37 f. Sierra Leone - 41 g. Niger - 44
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h. Haiti - 58 3. The thing that is expected that has the biggest effect on life  expectancy is infant mortality 4. Longevity a. Ability to resist death from year to year 5. Lifespan a. Oldest age to which members of a species can survive b. Love longer if… i. Female ii. Married c. First year of life at greatest risk for death 6. AIDs Information a. Nearly 50% of the 37.2 million adults living with HIV are  women - up from 35% in 1985 iv. Migration 1. International/immigration 2. Internal Migration/emigration 3. More than 1/2 of the people admitted as legal permanent are  already living in the U.S. under a:  a. Temp visa b. Some other legal status c. Undocumented Aliens 4. 4 Types of front door (legal) immigration a. Relatives - 63% of immigrants i. Fall 2002- Mexican permanent residents could  expect to wait 7 years for their spouse and children ii. Philippines can expect to wait 21 years b. Foreigners and their family members who were admitted  for economic or employment c. Refuges i. 10% of all immigrants ii. Have a well founded fear of prosecution in their  home country iii. In 2001 they came from Soviet Union, Cuba, and  Bosnia-Herzegovina  d. Diversity Category i. Idea is to introduce more variety into the stream of  immigrants 5. Illegal Immigrants
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a. Estimated 350,000 - 500,000 illegal aliens settle in the  U.S. each year b. Immigration and U.S. population i. Immigration contributed 1/3 to 1/2 of the total  population increase between 1990-2000 c. Immigrants are highly concentrated in 4 states i. 60% in California ii. New York iii. Florida iv. Texas 6. Cost of Immigration a. Those with high school education cost $31,000 over their 
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Exam 2 notes - I. Population Demography= Scientific study...

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