modern china date line

modern china date line - 1300 BCE 1000 BCE 221 BCE 200 BCE...

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1300 BCE  Shang Dynasty beginning of ruled Chinese civilization extremely violent used recognizable ancestor of modern Chinese alphabet “characters” 1000 BCE Zhou Dynasty overthrew Shang grew very weak after several centuries territories were run with complete disregard for king period of great cultural dynamism Confucious focus on relationships: human beings were inherently good if ruler rules well and with welfare of people in mind, people will respond  well was essentially angling for position as prime minister *Confucians were very hirable because they were supposed to be virtuous obedience was key=no revolutions Legalism said people are vicious and could only be controlled through severe  punishment fear is key to behaving Daoism basic attitude toward government was to ignore it and hope it ignored them 221 BCE Qin Dynasty Shi Huangdi became first emperor of China brutal and ruthless legalist burned Confucian books and executed Confucious dynasty collapsed within few years of death son was weak 200 BCE Han Dynasty not nearly as brutal as Qin 200 AD Han Dynasty overthrow 900-1200 Song Dynasty very peaceful, vibrant culture knowledgeable in science, dynamic commerce role of Confucian scholars in government increased less military oriented 1200 Mongols conquered China largest empire ever seen ruled China for about 3 generations ~1400 Ming Dynasty pushed off Mongols unhealthy society hated foreigners; cut China off from rest of world Confucian scholasticism came to focus, science ignored first of Europeans showed up took rather than traded, consequently hated by Chinese
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1620s White Lotus Rebellion inspiration was religious (Buddhist) were looking forward to end of the world believed in cyclical world- multiple Buddhas have existed and rediscovered  uncorrupted  truth thought it was time for sweeping away corrupt societal structures 1644 Manchu invasion commander of Chinese army at Great Wall let Manchus in on condition they could join up 
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 330 taught by Professor Moise during the Spring '08 term at Clemson.

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modern china date line - 1300 BCE 1000 BCE 221 BCE 200 BCE...

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