modern china notes

modern china notes - 1.11.2008 verifiable history places...

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1.11.2008 verifiable history places beginning of ruled Chinese civilization between 1300-1200 BCE -Shang Dynasty -extremely violent -used recognizable ancestor of Modern Chinese alphabet “characters” -Zhou Dynasy overthrew 2.13.2008 Communist government had pretty decent control in the north- no immediate danger of being  invaded in base area.  First secure base area they’d ever had -Mao was consolidating control and beefing up public image - thought reform- had to self-criticize and criticize other people so everyone would have  correct Communist attitude - Communist party was willing to accept support from anyone - instead of taking wealth from richer, just raised tax rate - class struggle was not carried very far - guerilla warfare against Japanese - had a lot of people to fight, but not many weapons WWII -toward end, Guomindong was losing a lot - more weapons coming in- American support- toward end of war - Japanese surrender touched off competition for Japanese territory and weapons  between Guomindong and Communists - saw no alternative to return to full-scale civil war -US did not want -wanted stable Chinese government to help stabilize Asia -want to persuade China to agree on peace - China went through motions of pretending they were not going to  have a civil war for over a year - were only supporting Chiang Kai-shek – told Japanese to hand  weapons to Guomindong, not Communists, increased military aid  to Guomindong- but trying to serve as impartial mediators. Didn’t  work. - Soviet Union came right at end of war (right around time bombs were dropped on  Japan -moved into Manchuria, and then pulled back out in 1946 -pretty much just looted - Chiang Kai-shek’s troops had advantage in moving into places where  Soviet troops had pulled out- Communists were kept out - Soviets gave Japanese weaponry to Communist forces
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Communist troops had tremendous improvement in weaponry, alleviating their only major  weakness -Communist power expanded enormously -one of reasons Chiang Kai-shek was eager for civil war- needed to quash  Communists before they got too powerful -annoyed America -was not obvious who would win civil war Civil War -Guomindong started pushing north into what had been Communist territory - did not have enough troops to spread out over whole territory -being aggressive, taking risks -could not count on holding all of territories they were occupying- spread out too  thin -sort of flexible moving battlefield -Communists were outnumbered and outgunned until late 1948 -did have better troops under better leadership -held richer areas in Manchuria after Japanese surrender -had more loyal leaders
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 330 taught by Professor Moise during the Spring '08 term at Clemson.

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modern china notes - 1.11.2008 verifiable history places...

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