Foundations of PsychologySchools of thoughtoStructuralism – conscious experience can be broken down into basic components. Used introspection.oFunctionalism – concerned with adaptive purpose, or function, of the mind and behavior. oGestalt – the whole of personal experience is different from the sum ofits parts. oBehaviorism – Emphasizes the role of environmental forces in observable behavior. oCognitive Psychology – study of mental functions (thinking, language, memory, etc)oSocial PsychologyControversy in Psychology Mind/body problem(dualism) – are the mind and body separate and distinct?Nature/nurture debate – Are we born with a blank slate or are we preprogrammed. Important People in Pyschology William WundtWilliam James Mary WHiton CalkinsFrancis SumnerKenneth ClarkB.F. Skinner John B. Watson John Stuart Mill Sigmund FreudLevels of AnalysisBiological – Neuroanatomy, animal research, brain imaging, etcIndividual – Personality, gender, decision making, memory, etcSocial – Groups, relationships, attitudes, stereotypes, etcChapter 2Primary goals of Science oDescription – what?oPrediction – when?oControl – what cause?