Psych Review Quizes - Chapter 1 Review Quiz 1 According to...

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Chapter 1 Review Quiz 1. According to this school of thought, the whole of personal experience is different from the sum of its parts. a. Gestalt Theory Moderate 2. At a certain prestigious college, the policy is to grade on a curve, meaning that about 10% will receive As, 15% Bs, 50% percent Cs, 15% Ds, and 10% will fail. Despite knowing this policy, most students expect to earn straight As because they did so in high school. This belief reflects which of the following? a. Self-serving Bias Difficult 3. Beliefs, values, norms, rules, and customs that people learn from those who share a language or environment comprise a. Culture Moderate 4. Charles Darwin and William James both understood the importance of a. The adaptive purpose of specific traits and characteristics Moderate 5. Chris believes that although the mind and body are linked, they have separate, distinct functions. Her view reflects a. Dualism Moderate 6. Doug believes that the “mind” is really just a result of the workings of our brain. Renee believes that each person has a mind that is separate from the body. Their different opinions reflect a. The Mind/Body problem Easy 7. Dr. Tucker incorporates principles from behaviorism into her therapy practice when she thinks it may be effective in helping her patients. Which of the following is an example of how Dr. Tucker might use her knowledge of behaviorism to help people with psychological problems? a. She helps teach behavior modification techniques to patients with anxiety so they can practice avoiding faulty ways of thinking. Easy 8. Dr. Tucker is a developmental psychologist. Which of the following research questions is she LEAST likely to pursue? a. How do brain chemicals influence sexual behavior in young adults. Moderate 9. How does Gestalt theory differ from functionalism? a. Gestalt theorists believe that human cognition and experiences are more than a collection of individual thoughts and experiences but still recognize individual thoughts and experiences as analyzable units Difficult 10. John strongly opposed vaccinating children because he beleves
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that it increases the risk of autism. John has read the published apology written by the scientist who falsified the data that originally showed a link but dismisses it. Instead, he focuses on the fact that during the same period vaccinations increased, autism diagnoses increased. Which of the following is guiding John’s decision making? b. Confirmation Bias Difficult 11. Jordan studies consciousness by training himself to objectively report on his own sensations, which is similar to how to _____ school investigated psychology. c. Structuralist Moderate 12. Marwan has been shy his whole life, and he is not sure what underlies this trait. Which subfield of psychology might hold some answers for Marwan?
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  • Spring '12
  • BORIDERI
  • Psychology, Hot Hand, a. self-serving bias

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