EMERGENCE OF EMPIRES

EMERGENCE OF EMPIRES - EMERGENCE OF EMPIRES DEFINITION...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: EMERGENCE OF EMPIRES DEFINITION OF "EMPIRE": EXPANSION OF RULE BEYOND THE FRONTIERS OF THE ORIGINAL STATE -- THE EXTENSION OF RULE BY ONE PEOPLE OVER ANOTHER (AND THEIR RESOURCES) CHALLENGES TO IMPERIAL RULE: • STANDARDIZATION OR COORDINATION OF COINAGE, ADMINISTRATION, OFFICIAL RECORDS, LEGAL SYSTEM, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES • REVENUE COLLECTION • MAINTENANCE OF ORDER AND OBEDIENCE • THROUGH DOMINATION (SOCIAL CONTROL): USE OF FORCE AND THREAT OF FORCE • THROUGH HEGEMONY : INDUCING SUBORDINATES TO ACCEPT OVERLORDSHIP WILLINGLY, WITH CONSENT . MAY BE ON BASIS OF (A) CALCULATIONS OF SELF-INTEREST OR (B) ACCEPTANCE OF OVERLORDSHIP AS "NATURAL" AND "LEGITIMATE" CAUSES OF DECLINE OF EMPIRES: • FAILURE OF LEADERSHIP • OVEREXTENSION OF ADMINISTRATION • ECONOMIC COLLAPSE (COSTS OUTRUN BENEFITS) • IDEOLOGICAL RUPTURE: e.g., loss of the "Mandate of Heaven" • OFTEN CONNECTED WITH REVOLT • MILITARY DEFEAT HISTORY OF EMPIRES: MESOPOTAMIA • SUMERIANS LIVED IN CITY-STATES • KING SARGON OF AKKAD (c. 2334-2279 B.C.E.) LED SEMITIC-KING SARGON OF AKKAD (c....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course TRAD 102 taught by Professor Weiner during the Winter '08 term at Arizona.

Page1 / 3

EMERGENCE OF EMPIRES - EMERGENCE OF EMPIRES DEFINITION...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online