THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION

THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION - THE NEOLITHIC(New Stone Age...

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THE NEOLITHIC (New Stone Age) REVOLUTION THEORIES OF CAUSES OF THE TRANSITION TO SETTLED LIFE INSUFFICIENT FOOD: population increase eventually led to exhaustion of locally hunted and gathered foods, forcing people to range over greater distances. This made the ratio of energy expended on food gathering to that gained much less favorable, especially when women were travelling with infants. It also brought human groups into contact with other groups, on whose territories they were now poaching. (TEXT MENTIONS MYTH OF SHEN NUNG: The people of old ate the meat of animals and birds. But in the time of Shen Nung there were so many people that there were no longer enough animals and birds to supply their needs. So . . . Shen Nung taught [them] how to cultivate the earth. ) EXTINCTION OF PALEOLITHIC (Old Stone Age) MEGAFAUNA CLIMATE CHANGE c. 13,000 BCE REDUCES FAMILIAR HERDS BUT MAKES FOR NEW OPPORTUNITIES. SETTLED LIFE IS HARDER. MARSHALL SAHLINS DEMONSTRATED THIS IN HIS BOOK STONE AGE ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL TOOLKIT WAS ALREADY DEVELOPED IN ITS INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS; THEY ONLY NEEDED TO BE
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