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CLASSICAL GREECE ORIGINS IN MINOAN, MYCENAEAN CULTURES OF 2000- 1150 B.C.E (KNOSSOS, MYCENAE, TROY) PROBABLE INVASIONS FROM THE NORTH RISE OF THE POLIS c. 800 BCE (ERA OF HOMER) apex: acropolis (temple mound) agora – market, meeting place (stoa), gymnasia amphitheater residential area OLYMPIC GAMES HELD EVERY 4 YEARS FROM 776 B.C.E. RISE OF GREEK TRADE DIASPORA IMPORTANCE OF GEOGRAPHY AND AGRICULTURE OF GREECE AS LIIMITING FACTORS INVENTION OF BUSINESS PRACTICES A GREEK ECUMENE FORMS (oikoumene – the inhabited world, from oikos, the house) from IONIA to SICILY EMERGENCE OF CLASSICAL GREEK SOCIETY c. 600 BCE (SOLON THE LAWGIVER) ends aristocratic monopoly on power creates two-house legislature (assembly + Council of 400) reforms eclipsed by 50+ -year era of “tyrants” restored and broadened under Cleisthenes: aristocracy abolished all free male citizens may vote in their demes (one of the districts in or around Athens) direct democracy civic DUTY to serve
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