Unformatted text preview: Socialization Power of the Situation enables Socialization Process by which norms, values and beliefs held by a group are internalized Descriptive versus Injunctive norms Personal norms
Prejudice Religion Politics Idiosyncrasy credits Family Sources of Socialization Prejudice Religion Politics How money is spent: Importance of: go out for dinner? Vacations? Cars? Furniture? Gifts? Socializing? Sports? Arts appreciation? Boy/girl gender behaviors? Treatment of men/ women? Expectations (College, advanced degrees, salary requirement) Sources of Socialization Continued Peers/ Significant other Society Alcohol use Social life Spending Money Gender Behaviors Brand names versus Generic Steak or salad? Dress Dating Ideal Body Image Activities What you spend your money on Type of car Expectations Sources of Socialization Continued Traditions Thanksgiving Halloween Valentines Day Guinness & Corned Beef and Cabbage Day... oops, St. Patrick's Day Virginia Tech Football games... Socialized to Construe Bizarre Behavior as being "person" caused We commonly engage in Pluralistic Ignorance
Erroneous construal of a group situation that comes from interpreting our own and others same behavior differently We are aware of situational effects on US, but when someone else does something, we disregard the situation's influence Bizarre behavior prompts looking for individual differences Examples? Behavior of Hurricane Katrina Victims Emergency Settings Easy to blame others for "not doing all they can." Then we are in the situation...and instead of helping, we look around and see that "bizarrely" everyone is remaining calm. And we reconstrue the situaiton... Kitty Genovese's 45minute attack Classroom Behavior Everyone understands something because you do Behaviors of intoxicated people Behaviors of people in dysfunctional relationships The power of the situation affects our Construal by the interaction of 3 motives
(1) SelfEsteem See oneself as good, competent and just Associate with others who validate this view Not necessarily good: think gangs or abusive relationships May lead to false attributeappraisal May lead to distorted interpretation of reality Justify inappropriate behavior in light of "perceived fabulousness" (2) Need to be accurate We want to be rational and objective and have all our ducks in a row Want ability to make generalizations Social cognition Control in perceived consistency Expectations about the nature of the world may change what we see as accurate How people select, interpret, remember and use information to make judgments and decisions Example: Not locking front door. (3) Interconnectedness Need to fit in with others and be part of the group Dependence on others for social rewards: approval, validation, acceptance Are these important? Examples? Virginia Tech Sororities & Fraternities Sports Teams Work Teams Together, these 3 motives drive us to create an "accurate" and "consistent" environment Examples? Niche Planning Identity Cues Opportunity Structuresaka, we structure our activities to be consistent with our construal of "the self" College, Sports Teams, Activities We go the extra mile to make our identity known-- e.g., "those piercings are so her" "That popped collar is SOOO preppy" Associate with others who validate our view of ourselves Easily picked up on by others and remembered Their construal is automatic too Feel most comfortable with others who recognize and remember cues we give Feedback buffer system Very Powerful!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! E.g., Clients and "inconsistent" information Swann, 1987 The niches we select and stay in include the influence of all 3 motives, and provide our selfconstrual (or identity) People have a desire to know how they fit into the world (accuracy) But, they also strive to acquire selfconfirmatory feedback (Selfesteem) Observe their behavior, reaction of others, relative performance Creates "consistency" in how we view ourselves Spend more time with those who honor our perceived identities dependent on their validation and approval (interconnectedness) If we receive discrepant feedback we strive to affirm ourselves, especially to others Example of this Selective Interaction
Write down the 3 most defining qualities about yourself Write down 3 activities you spend the most time doing Write down 3 people you spend the most time with Think about people you would despise being around Thoughts? ...
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