02-21 The Korean War and The Red Scare

02-21 The Korean War and The Red Scare - The Korean War and...

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The Korean War and The Red Scare 21 February 2006 Exam: Up to 2/9/06 Readings June 25, 1950 - Invasion of S. Korea by N. Korea Immediately taken to UN Soviets boycotting UN to protest American refusal to admit communist China Allowed US to get resolution easily rendering all assistance to S. Korea Korean War (from US perspective) became a UN effort Said to be the world against N. Korea In reality, US and S. Korea against N. Korea All major decisions were made in Washington, not at the UN UN provided cover for what was really an American war Using the UN in this way helped avoid going to Congress for a declaration of war Truman said its not a war, rather a “UN police action” where the US happened to be participating First time in history where we did not actually declare war Truman initially justified in decision General Douglas MacArthur initiated offensive on September 15 th By about September 20 most of the N. Korean troops are above the 38 th parallel This was our goal Truman allowed MacArthur to capture N. Korea – bad idea All original pronouncements promised this to not happen Sole objective – to restore 38 th parallel US says it’s a good opportunity to role back communism Worry that China would intervene – China will not tolerate US troops on their border China continuously warned MacArthur that they would not tolerate it
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02-21 The Korean War and The Red Scare - The Korean War and...

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