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Eisenhower’s Foreign and Domestic Policies21 March 2006Reading: -Geneva Accords signed in late July 1954. This was a treaty ending the war between the Viet Minh, the Communist group led by Ho Chi Minh and the French. It stipulated that Vietnam would be divided at the 17th Parallel into 2 “temporary military staging areas.” The wording stated specifically that the two parts would not be separated into two separate countries. Rather there would be two separate zones, the North controlled by the Viet Minh and the South controlled by the French, to allow regrouping and let the French leave in an orderly fashion. Elections were to be held in 1956 (two years later) at which time the country would be in effect reunified. The two zones would disappear and the country would become one again. However, in 1956 those elections were not held. Primarily thanks to the US. Ike explains why they were not held in his memoirs. He explains that if there had been elections, Ho Chi Minh would have won at least 80% of the vote. In a word, the people overwhelmingly wanted Ho Chi Minh to be the leader of their country. We blocked this from happening. -The US had not signed the Geneva Accords. We were not a party of the war, therefore it was not appropriate for us to sign. But we did have a representative present at the signing who said that the US would not do anything to obstruct the Geneva Accords. Of course, we broke our word. In retrospect, this looks like Eisenhower’s worst mistakes. But then, who knew some 9 years later you would have LBJ who would send ½ million troops to Vietnam. -Soon a new crisis flared off the coast of China. September 1954 shells were launched to the islands of Quemoy and Matsu to prove that he was a great warrior.-Shang Kai Shek held onto these two islands when he fled in 1949. He made it a point to station 75,000 nationalist troops on these tiny islands, which were otherwise inhabited. Placed artillery on the islands and shoot at ships coming out of the Chinese ports. The government of China didn’t like it. They retaliated by lobbing artillery shells at Quemoyand Matsu. Of course they hit people-The great fear was that this was a prelude to a Chinese attack on Formosa. Pressure on Eisenhower to act. Eisenhower asks Congress for permission to attack Formosa and “closely related localities.” Were they Quemoy and Matsu? Possibly. (Not Vietnam or Korea)-In March 1955 Eisenhower allowed Dulles to talk about