03-23 Eisenhower's Second Term

03-23 Eisenhower's Second Term - Eisenhower's Second Term...

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Eisenhower’s Second Term 23 March 2006 Reading:  - In 1956 there wasn’t any doubt that Eisenhower would run for a second election, nor was  there a doubt that Adlai Stevenson would be his opponent.  There wasn’t any democrat that  wanted to run against Ike.  The only question was who the Vice Presidential candidate on  the democratic party. Stevenson left the question for the convention.  Two potential  candidates:  John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Estes Kefauver (Senator from Tennessee) who  was ultimately chosen.  Surprisingly high southern support for Kennedy.  In reality, it now  seems clear they were voting against Kefauver.  They preferred a northern moderate to a  southern liberal.   - The campaign in 56 was devoid of issues.  Stevenson tried to talk about the need for a  Nuclear Test Ban Treaty .  This would be signed by the Soviets and discussed testing in the  open atmosphere.  This would not be a good idea because it tosses debris everywhere.  (Ex.  high levels of radioactivity found in milk on the east coast from nuclear testing that occurred  in the west and was carried over).  The Republican slogan of “Peace and Prosperity” carried  the day because Eisenhower had robbed the country of both.  Also summing up the  elections were the “I Like Ike” buttons.  Clearly Ike had become a national institution.   - Republicans did strikingly poor on congressional races.  They did not win either house of  congress.  This shows the extent to which this was a personal victory for Eisenhower.  This  pattern continued in 1958 congressional elections when the Democrats had biggest majority  in both houses since the 1930s.  They had veto-proof majorities which were used in 1959  when Congress passed a sizeable work bill that Ike vetoed.  It was the first time that his veto  had been overwritten in his entire presidency.  This shows how powerful a president he had  been and that by 1959 his power was starting to slip.  Still the national debt went from $266  billion when he entered office to $286 billion when he left office 8 years later.  Adjusted for  inflation, this shows a decrease in spending. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course HIST 320 taught by Professor Singal during the Spring '06 term at Hobart and William Smith Colleges.

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03-23 Eisenhower's Second Term - Eisenhower's Second Term...

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