PhilRel - notes - day03(18thCentCosm)

PhilRel - notes - day03(18thCentCosm) - Why was there ever...

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    Why was there ever anything at all? Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 – 1716) Samuel Clarke (1675 – 1729)
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    Why was there ever anything at  all? Even if the universe had no beginning, we could still  ask this question.
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    The  Principle of Sufficient Reason   ( PSR ) There must be an explanation: (a) of the existence  of any being, and (b) of any fact whatever.
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    Beings of two  types Dependent  beings  are explained by the activity of  other things. They have the sufficient reason of their existence outside  themselves. self-existent  being  is fully explained by its own  nature. It exists in virtue of its nature. It contains the sufficient reason of its own existence. It cannot therefore fail to exist - it has  necessary existence.
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  The cosmological argument (18th century version) 1. Every being (that exists or ever did exist) is  either a dependent being or a self-existent 
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2008 for the course PHIL 1600 taught by Professor Wesleymorriston during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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PhilRel - notes - day03(18thCentCosm) - Why was there ever...

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