IDTerms - jus soli Law of the soil If you are born on...

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jus soli:Law of the soil. If you are born on American soil, you are an American citizen. Slaves and children of slave we excluded from this right. It wasn’t until the 14thamendment, which was adopted at 1868, that former slaves were granted citizenship. Even after that not all Native Americans were considered citizenship.Radical Republicans:Post civil war, 1863-1877. After the civil war President Lincoln had a moderate planned to let the South rejoin the Union as long as 10 percent of the state’s population take an oath to be faithful to the Union and never secede again. Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South and make it as difficult as possible for them to rejoin and hold office again. They want to remind the people that if the South got let off easy, the lives lost during war would be for nothing. After 1867, being the majority in congress, they also passed legislation promotingReconstruction.carpetbaggers/scalawags:scalawags were white southern Republicans, usually those who owned farms or were well-off, who cooperated with congressionally imposed Reconstruction governments set up in the South after the civil war. Poor farmers, some who couldn’t even affordslaves, had no motive and saw no benefit to the war. Some had stayed loyal to the Union throughout the Civil War and fought to keep it together. Usually seen as unloyal and not true to the cause and were attacked by the KKK. Carpetbaggers were northerners who went to the Southafter the Civil War to exploit the new political power of the freed slaves and take advantage of the state of the South to make profit. yeoman farmer:small landowners from the South who farmed their own land with their families and usually didn’t own slaves.free labor ideology:idea in the 19thcentury that North free labor was superior to South slave labor. It emphasized human potential and the idea that anyone can be successful with enough effort and dedication. That meant anyone could rise in social class and that would cause society to advance. People can make a wage and spent it however they want??Social Darwinism:the idea that arose during the late 19thcentury which states that Darwin’s theory of evolution could the applied to social and economic institutions. The “fittest” people were meant to lead and be superior to the weak. It supported the idea that some groups of people were not well-off as a consequence of nature. It gave people the freedom to cast away moral thinking and adopt a law of nature that states that the poor will submit to the stronger and richer because that is how it was meant to be.Civil War/Reconstruction Amendments:13th(1865), 14th (1868) and 15th(1870) amendment. The thirteenth amendment declared an end to slavery and nullified the three-fifths clause in the constitution, increasing representation of the Southern states in Congress. The fourteenth prohibited states from depriving citizens due process or equal protection under the

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