pros and cons of Devolution

pros and cons of Devolution - What are the pros and cons of...

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What are the pros and cons of Devolution? In order to answer this question, it is first important to define the term ‘devolution’.  According to David Simpson, it is ‘the delegation of central government powers  without giving up sovereignty’. Bogdanor claims it has three elements; it is the  transfer of power to a subordinate body; it is the transfer of power on a geographical  basis; and it is the transfer of functions exercised by the Westminster Parliament.  This Parliament is able to retain its supremacy because it has the right to suspend  devolved assemblies, as it has done in the past in Northern Ireland. In 1997, the New Labour government promised referendums on the matter of  devolution in their election manifesto. Since gaining power, there has been legislative  devolution granted to Scotland and executive devolution granted to Wales and  Ireland.  At the time, there was great worry that devolution would cause a ‘break-up’ of the  UK. Indeed, John Redwood MP wrote a book entitled "The Death of Britain" and the  BBC’s political correspondent, Andrew Marr, produced "The Day Britain Died".  Well, it must be stated in defence of these arguments that the devolved assemblies,  such as the Scottish Parliament, can only deal with “personal” issues, so Scottish  issues for Scotland, and the main fiscal powers of government remain firmly  embedded in London. They cannot legislate on issues of other regions. Other  “reserved matters” include foreign policy, defence and all constitutional matters and  powers over these matters have also remained in London.  However, the process of devolution has certainly changed the content of UK 
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PPE PPE taught by Professor None during the Summer '08 term at Oxford University.

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pros and cons of Devolution - What are the pros and cons of...

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