Francis Bacon 3/17
Biography – Early Life
Francis Bacon was born at York House in Strand, London January 22, 1561.
He was raised as
an English gentlemen, the youngest of five sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon and his mother Ann Cooke, Sir
Nicholas's second wife.
His maternal aunt married William Cecil (Lord Burghley), the chief minister
of Queen Elizabeth I.
Bacon received an education at home in his early years, and at the time his
health was rather delicate.
He then enter Trinity College, Cambridge in 1573 at the age of twelve,
living there for three years.
At Cambridge was where he first met the Queen, who was impressed by
his precocious intellect, gave him the nickname “the Young Lord Keeper.”
His studies brought him to
the conclusion that the methods of science of his day were wrong and erroneous.
He did not like
Aristotelian philosophy, which to him seemed barren and wrong in its objectives (next page).
On June 27, 1576, he was entered de societate magistrorum at Gray's Inn, and a few months
later went abroad with Sir Amias Paulet, the English ambassador at Paris.
This visit to France allowed
him the valuable political instruction that he soon would use later in his life.
The sudden death of his
father in February 1579 necessitated Bacon's return to England.
His father, Sir Nicholas had saved a
considerable amount of money to purchase an estate for Francis, but died before doing so, leaving
Francis with only a fifth of that money.
Insufficient means forced Bacon into borrowing money and
he became hibitually in debt.
To support himself, he took residence in law at Gray's Inn in the late
1579 (next page).
Biography – Career
Bacon's goals were threefold: discovery of truth, service to his country, and service to the
Francis applied for a post at court in 1580 to devote himself to a life of learning.
application failed, and for two years he worked quietly at Gray's Inn giving himself seriously to the
study of law.
In 1584 he took his seat in parliament for Melcombe in Dorset, and subsequencely for
Taunton in 1586.
He wrote on the condition of parties in the church, and he wrote down his thoughts