FinalProject - Final Project 1 Mai Le Final Project...

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Final Project Mai Le Final Project SS260-03: Gender and Society 1
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Final Project Final Project 1. The text discusses several methods of studying human behavior. These include the case study, naturalistic observation, correlational research, survey research, and the experimental method. If I were going to design a study investigating the relationship between alcohol and violence, I would use correlational method. Case study and naturalistic observation method would give a too specific result of one or few persons that may not be that of others. Survey research seems to be too surface since it only depends on answers to survey questions. Correlational reseach “tells us whether the values of two variables are correlated” (Roberts, 2006, p.8). In other word this method can tell me whether or not alcohol and violence occur together. I could use the scatter plot to see if their relationship is high or have positive correlation. It might not be a perfect relationship but it can show a tendency for people who drink too much alcohol to become aggressive and violence. In fact, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (1997) states, “findings suggest that alcohol may facilitate aggressive behavior. However, subjects rarely increased their aggression unless they felt threatened or provoked”. One of the relative strengths of this study is that the chart is graphical and easy for almost everyone to comprehend. The more dots, the more reliable the information is. The weakness is it could take quite a lot of time to search and collect established cases to form the chart. If one dot represents a person, too little dots cannot exhibit correct data. Another weakness is that the conclusion that chart show is too general. Viewers cannot go deeper if they are interesting in learning what happened to the drunkard in each case. Also if the chart maker does not have to show cases in detail, he/she can manipulate the outcomes. This manipulation is not only a disadvantage but is also an ethical issue. Although correlational research do not directly work 2
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Final Project with and cause harm to the participants, it also must be approved by an institutional review board or is performed by government agency specialize in this field to maintain reliability. Another ethical consideration must be taken into account while undertaking this study is a person’s name or identity be kept confidential. 2. The difference between negative and positive reinforcement is that with negative reinforcers, “a stimulus or an event is removed, which causes an increase in the response” (Roberts, p. 102). With positive reinforcement, stimuli or events are still “present” after a target response occurs” In other word, any action that is taken to change the situation would be negatively reinforced, and unchanged action to a situation would positively reinforced. We should not link the word “negative” in negative reinforcement with the result because it is easy to get confusing since both
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course SS 260 taught by Professor Don'tremember during the Summer '07 term at Kaplan University.

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FinalProject - Final Project 1 Mai Le Final Project...

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