Key Terms HIST106 Exam 2

Key Terms HIST106 Exam 2 - Progressive Era (1890-1920) era...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Progressive Era (1890-1920) – era of reform. Progressives opposed corruption and waste, and they sought to improve working conditions and protect the rights of citizens. They advocated social justice and public safety. All the amendments of the time were due to progressives, 16 th through 19 th . Muckrakers – investigative reporters and critics who exposed corruption, crime, waste, fraud, and public abuses and poor social conditions. Teddy Roosevelt advocated their work. Urban Consumer – becomes a political group that politicians appeal to. National Consumers’ League – informed the public about product quality and the conditions in which the products were manufactured. Theodore Roosevelt – 26 th President and leader of the Progressive Movement. He distrusted wealthy businessmen and dissolved forty monopolistic corporations as a " trust buster ". He was clear, however, to show he did not disagree with trusts and capitalism in principle but was only against corrupt, illegal practices. His " Square Deal " promised a fair shake for both the average citizen (through regulation of railroad rates and pure food and drugs) and the businessmen. He was the first U.S. president to call for universal health care and national health insurance . [5] [6] As an outdoorsman, he promoted the conservation movement , emphasizing efficient use of natural resources. Big Stick Diplomacy. Square Deal – The policies of the Square Deal involved attacking the plutocracy and trusts while at the same time protecting business from the extreme demands of unorganized labor. Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) - is a United States federal law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines . Instituted new labeling requirements. Set a precedent and paved the way for the creation of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). “Status Revolution” – businessmen and ordinary people became wealthy and came to power. The people no longer looked up to pastors and lawyers and teachers. Progressive Party – Party formed by Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 because he lost the republican nomination to Taft. He ran for president against Taft and split the republican vote, giving Wilson the victory. Also called the Bull Moose Party. New Nationalism – Teddy Roosevelt’s new plan that he advocated during the 1912 election. It called for the elimination of corporate campaign contributions, regulation of industrial combinations, an expert commission to set tariffs, a graduated income tax, banking reorganization and a national workers’ compensation program. The progressive party platform also endorsed direct election of senators, popular review of judicial decisions, and women’s suffrage. Jane Addams gave a speech seconding Roosevelt’s nomination. Roosevelt appealed to a collective national interest. Woodrow Wilson – Former governor of New Jersey, he was also a progressive supporter, and to try to appeal to
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Key Terms HIST106 Exam 2 - Progressive Era (1890-1920) era...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online