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Unformatted text preview: HIST 106 Terms History – anything that someone remembered and thought was significant. Different people have different opinions of what is significant. “Before you study history, study the historian.” Components of history include people, places, events, religions, and opinions. Historiography – the study of the processes by which historical knowledge is obtained and transmitted. It examines authorship, audience, interpretation, style, sourcing, and bias. Reconstruction (1865-77) – Goals: preserve the union (readmittance of states), free the slaves, rebuild the south, and integrate blacks into society. President vs. Congress for control of reconstruction. Lincoln is assassinated in April of 1865, so Andrew Johnson takes over a president. Grant is president for the remainder of reconstruction. Black Codes – southern laws that basically reenslaved the blacks. They regulated the civil rights and liberties of blacks. The only positive was that Black marriages were allowed. They had to work for a white or be jailed, and they couldn’t break a contract in mid year without forfeiting all of the year’s wages. 13 th Amendment – Outlaws slavery. Passed December 18, 1865. 14 th Amendment – Passed July 28, 1868. Gave blacks citizenship, and made representation dependent on the number of voters. Citizenship did not include women, however. 15 th Amendment – Passed March 1870. Explicitly gives the right to vote to all citizens, however women were still refused the right to vote. Thus this amendment implied that women were not citizens. World Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840 – A gathering of reformers that took place in London. Women weren’t allowed to attend, but Elizabeth Cady Stanton went because her husband went. Elizabeth Cady Stanton – active abolitionist with her husband, Henry, until slighted at the Anti- Slavery Convention. Then she began to focus on women’s rights. After the 14 th and 15 th amendments, she abandoned the abolition organizations and focused solely on political rights for women. Seneca Falls (1848) – Stanton headed up this meeting of women and presented her Declaration of Sentiments, which was basically a plagiarism of the Declaration of Independence with the word women inserted. Susan B. Anthony – combined with Stanton to found the National Woman Suffrage Association National Woman Suffrage Association (1869) – split with Am Woman Suffrage Ass, and only focused on woman vote, was female only....
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