POLS206 Exam Review (2)

POLS206 Exam Review (2) - EXAM 2 (CH 6-10) CH 6 High-tech...

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CH 6 High-tech Politics – Politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political agenda itself are increasingly shaped by technology. Mass Media – Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and other means of popular communication. Media Event – Events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look spontaneous. Can be staged by individuals, groups or government officials, especially presidents. Press Conferences – Meetings of public officials with reporters. Investigative Journalism – the use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, which at times puts reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders. Print Media – Newspapers and magazines. Broadcast Media – Television and radio. Narrowcasting – Media programming on cable TV or the Internet that is focused on one topic or aimed at a particular audience. (MTV, ESPN, C-SPAN, the Drudge Report) Chains – Newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for almost ¾ of the nation’s daily circulation. Often these chains control broadcast media as well. Beats – Specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as Congress or the White House. Most top reporters work a particular beat, becoming specialists in what goes on at that location. Trial Balloons – Intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political or public reaction. Sound Bites – Short video clips of approximately 15 seconds; typically all that is shown from a politician’s speech or activities on the nightly news. Politicians keep this in mind and try to have a catch phrase or something that sums up their speech. Talking Head – A shot of a person’s face talking directly to the camera. Because this is visually unappealing, the major commercial networks rarely show this for very long. Policy Agenda – The issues that attract serious attention of public officials and other people actively involved in politics at the time. Policy Entrepreneurs – People who invest their political ‘capital’ in an issue, putting their position or reputation on the line. CH 7 Political Party – A team of people seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election. Linkage Institutions – elections, political parties, interest groups, and media. Party Image – The voter’s perception of what the party stands for. Rational-choice Theory – a popular theory in political science to explain the actions of voters and politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their own best interest, carefully weighing the costs and benefits of possible alternatives. Party Identification – a citizen’s self proclaimed preference for one party over another. Ticket-splitting – voting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices.
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Fall '06 term at Texas A&M.

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POLS206 Exam Review (2) - EXAM 2 (CH 6-10) CH 6 High-tech...

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