Third Examination Review
Know the names of the nine current Justices (Roberts, Alito, Ginsburg, Breyer, Stevens,
Scalia, Thomas, Kennedy, and Souter)
Know the proportion of the federal budget spent (on average) on social
security/health/other entitlements (55%) and defense (19%)
Know the current Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice.
Twenty-Second Amendment – Passed in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two terms of office
Impeachment – The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution.
The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for “Treason, Bribery, or other
high crimes and misdemeanors.”
Watergate – The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee
headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual
resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
Twenty-fifth Amendment – Passed in 1951, the amendment that permits the vice president to become
acting president if both the vice president and the president’s cabinet determine that the president is
The amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job.
It also provides a
means for nominating a new Vice President, should the office become vacant.
Cabinet – A group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the Constitution, although every president has
Today the cabinet is composed of 14 secretaries and the attorney general.
Executive Office of the President – Houses three major policy-making bodies: The National Security
Council, The Council of Economic Advisers, and The Office of Management and Budget.
Many of the
positions owe their jobs to the president.
National Security Council (NSC) – An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president’s foreign and
military policy advisers.
Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and
secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president’s national security assistant.
Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) – A three-member body appointed by the president to advise the
president on economic policy.
They prepare the annual
Economic Report of the President
and help make
policy on inflation and unemployment.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) – An office that grew out of the Bureau of the Budget, created
in 1921, consisting of a handful of political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals.
performs both managerial and budgetary functions.
They prepare the presidential budget.
Veto – The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting
A two-thirds vote in each house can override a veto.
Pocket Veto – A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within ten days of having submitted a bill to the