POLS 206 Exam 3 Key Terms

POLS 206 Exam 3 Key Terms - Third Examination Review Know...

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Third Examination Review Know the names of the nine current Justices (Roberts, Alito, Ginsburg, Breyer, Stevens, Scalia, Thomas, Kennedy, and Souter) Know the proportion of the federal budget spent (on average) on social security/health/other entitlements (55%) and defense (19%) Know the current Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice. CH 11 Twenty-Second Amendment – Passed in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two terms of office Impeachment – The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for “Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.” Watergate – The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment. Twenty-fifth Amendment – Passed in 1951, the amendment that permits the vice president to become acting president if both the vice president and the president’s cabinet determine that the president is disabled. The amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job. It also provides a means for nominating a new Vice President, should the office become vacant. Cabinet – A group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the Constitution, although every president has had one. Today the cabinet is composed of 14 secretaries and the attorney general. Executive Office of the President – Houses three major policy-making bodies: The National Security Council, The Council of Economic Advisers, and The Office of Management and Budget. Many of the positions owe their jobs to the president. National Security Council (NSC) – An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president’s foreign and military policy advisers. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president’s national security assistant. Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) – A three-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy. They prepare the annual Economic Report of the President and help make policy on inflation and unemployment. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) – An office that grew out of the Bureau of the Budget, created in 1921, consisting of a handful of political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals. The OMB performs both managerial and budgetary functions. They prepare the presidential budget. Veto – The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it. A two-thirds vote in each house can override a veto. Pocket Veto – A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within ten days of having submitted a bill to the
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Fall '06 term at Texas A&M.

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POLS 206 Exam 3 Key Terms - Third Examination Review Know...

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