Ch. 9 Language - Language The nature of human language High...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Language 0. The nature of human language: 0. High dependence on knowledge 1. Huge vocabulary of words 0. Mean speaking vocabulary = 75-100K 1. Between first words and sixth birthday, 7 words a day 2. Unique to humans (or much more advanced) Human language vs. animal communication 0. Hockett’s criteria 0. Arbitrariness 1. Duality of patterning & generative capacity 1. Teaching and other animals chimps language (p. 346) 2. Some success, especially with pygmy chimps (bonobos) 3. but their utterances: 0. are usually short 1. are typically imitations or expansions 2. have limited syntax (no singular/plural or present/past distincitions Another aspect of Language 2. Multiple units and levels: 4. Phonemes (not always in awareness) 5. Morphemes (provide a good measure of utterance length, p. 337, fig. 9.18) 6. Words 7. Phrases and sentences 3. Syntax and semantics (meaning) 4. Syntax specifies the relations between the types of words in a sentence 5. Considered separable from semantics (“Colorless green ideas sleep furiously”) Syntax and Phrase structure: Derivable from rules? Psychological reality of phrase-structure rules 1. Phrase structure ambiguity (“They are cooking apples”)
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychological reality of phrase-structure rules 2. Phrase structure ambiguity (“They are cooking apples”) 3. The Mehler & Carey (1969) experiment Mehler & Carey (1969) 4. A rapid dictation task: 3. They are shooting deer 4. They are climbing mountains 5. They are eating chocolate 6. They are forcasting cyclones 7. They are playing bridge 8. They are making music 9. They are conflicting desires Chomsky’s theory: 5. Innate language-specific skills 6. Modularity of language 7. Phrase-structure & transformational rules
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern