Ch. 9 Language - Language The nature of human language:...

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Language 0. The nature of human language: 0. High dependence on knowledge 1. Huge vocabulary of words 0. Mean speaking vocabulary = 75-100K 1. Between first words and sixth birthday, 7 words a day 2. Unique to humans (or much more advanced) Human language vs. animal communication 0. Hockett’s criteria 0. Arbitrariness 1. Teaching and other animals chimps language (p. 346) 2. Some success, especially with pygmy chimps (bonobos) 3. but their utterances: 0. are usually short 1. are typically imitations or expansions 2. have limited syntax (no singular/plural or present/past distincitions Another aspect of Language 2. Multiple units and levels: 4. Phonemes (not always in awareness) 5. Morphemes (provide a good measure of utterance length, p. 337, fig. 9.18) 6. Words 7. Phrases and sentences 3. Syntax and semantics (meaning) 4. Syntax specifies the relations between the types of words in a sentence 5. Considered separable from semantics (“Colorless green ideas sleep furiously”) Syntax and Phrase structure: Derivable from rules? Psychological reality of phrase-structure rules 1. Phrase structure ambiguity (“They are cooking apples”)
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Psychological reality of phrase-structure rules 2. Phrase structure ambiguity (“They are cooking apples”) 3. The Mehler & Carey (1969) experiment Mehler & Carey (1969) 4. A rapid dictation task: 3. They are shooting deer 4. They are climbing mountains 5. They are eating chocolate 6. They are forcasting cyclones 7. They are playing bridge 8. They are making music 9. They are conflicting desires Chomsky’s theory: 5. Innate language-specific skills 6. Modularity of language
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSY 2301 taught by Professor Holub during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Ch. 9 Language - Language The nature of human language:...

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