The Brain and Nervous System - The Brain & the Nervous...

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0. Are our minds just machines? 1. Descartes and the reflex. . . . . With flexibility as well 2. Contemporary debates on the concept of soul and the place of religion 3. In the meanwhile: neuroscience thrives! System System 4. Clinical observation and neuropsychology 5. Experimental techniques 6. Neuroimaging Clinical observation & neuropsychology: Effects of brain damage 7. Some examples: 0. Phineas Gage (p. 82) 1. HM and Anterograde amnesia 2. Wernicke’s and Broca’s aphasia 3. Prosopagnosia Limitations of Clinical Observation and Neuropsychology 8. Lack of control over nature of damage 9. Problems of generalization (especially with small samples) 10. Neural compensation
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Experimental Techniques 12. Reversible lesions in humans 0. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) 13. Advantages: 4. Control (especially with animals) 5. Establishing causality 14. Limitations: 6. Generalization (especially with animals) Neuroimaging 15. A set of new techniques with promise 7. Structural neuroimaging: 1. Computerized axial tomography (CAT) 2. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 8. Functional neuroimaging 3. Electroencephalography (EEG) . . . And ERPs 4. Positron emission tomography (PET) 5. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) Limitations of neuroimaging 16. Temporal resolution (especially with PET and fMRI) 17. Spatial resolution (especially with EEG) 18. Correlation need not imply causality The Nervous System
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSY 2301 taught by Professor Holub during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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The Brain and Nervous System - The Brain & the Nervous...

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