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Memory - The use of past experience learning in the present...

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Memory Memory 0. 0. The use of past experience & learning in the present. The use of past experience & learning in the present. 1. 1. How long can it be? Memory for high-school How long can it be? Memory for high-school classmates and college classes classmates and college classes 2. 2. How good and bad can it be? Memory for 2000 pictures How good and bad can it be? Memory for 2000 pictures versus the U.S. penny versus the U.S. penny Which is the actual U. S. penny? Acquisition of new memories Acquisition of new memories 3. 3. The dual-store model (p. 236) The dual-store model (p. 236) 0. A low-capacity short-term (working) memory holding 7 A low-capacity short-term (working) memory holding 7 + + 2 chunks chunks 0. 0. Using phonological rehearsal Using phonological rehearsal 1. 1. A high-capacity long-term memory A high-capacity long-term memory 1. 1. But limited short-term/long-term “transfer” But limited short-term/long-term “transfer” The Atkinson & Shiffrin model Evidence for the dual-store view 4. The Brown/Peterson task: Will you forget three letters in 20 seconds? 5. Effects of chunking 6. Evidence for phonological coding 7. The recency effect in recall tests (p. 255) PCM TVI BMU SA PC MTV IBM USA Phonological Encoding in Working Memory Phonological Encoding in Working Memory 8. Phonological errors
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9. Phonological similarity effects H Q B F M Z J P R F B Z T C G P D V Z P B Z T C G P D V Z P The recency effect (pp. 236-7) 10. And double dissociations 2. Effects of post-list distraction and presentation rate 3. The relation of rehearsal to recall (Rundus) Limitations of the dual-store model 11. Effects of short-term memory deficits 12. Craik & Watkins: Maintenance rehearsal produces very low memory 13. Craik & Lockhart: Attention to meaning produces very high memory Is this word in capital letters? 14. ant Does this word rhyme with dough? 15. SNOW Is this word in capital letters?
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16. WAGON Is this word a vehicle? 17. PLIERS Is this word a mammal? 18. hamster Is this word in little letters? 19. balloon Does this word rhyme with furl? 20. SQUIRREL Is this word in little letters? 21. bathroom
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Is this word a tool?
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