Research Paper on Darfur and Europe

Research Paper on Darfur and Europe - Darfur Can We Rely On...

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Darfur: Can We Rely On Europe? Genocide is a concept that has plagued Europe’s history. With an undeniably loaded connotation, the term was originally coined by Raphael Lemkin, and was based primarily upon the atrocities of the Armenian genocide and holocaust. Following the devastation of Nazi Germany, Lemkin successfully fought for the global recognition of international laws defining and condemning genocide. Genocide has been formally defined by the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide as: any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; and forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. (European Union) The conflict in Darfur has saturated headlines since the start of the conflict in 2003. In 2006, the United Nations reported the death count in the Sudan as over 400,000 dead and 2,000,000 displaced. In a culture where genocide is a living memory, many found Europe’s response to the conflict in Darfur more than troubling. In September of 2004, the Parliament of the European Union, declared in a resolution, which passed by a vote of 566 to 6, that the slaughter in Darfur was not merely civil war, but "tantamount to genocide" (Reeves). While the Parliament of the European Union almost unanimously agreed that the situation in Darfur was tantamount,
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which is synonymous with equivalent, with genocide, it refused to technically label the conflict as genocide. This carefully chosen phrase fully embodies the European attitude regarding Darfur (Reeves). Further demonstrating this concept, in 2004 Pieter Feith visited the Sudan on behalf of the European Union and reported upon the situation with similar ambiguity. He later explained, ''We are not in the situation of genocide there, but
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course EURO 300 taught by Professor Parsels during the Spring '07 term at South Carolina.

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Research Paper on Darfur and Europe - Darfur Can We Rely On...

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