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Unformatted text preview: Music Appreciation Chapters 11-14 11/10/2006 19:31:00 Chapter 11: Prelude Music and the Enlightenment Classical Style- location and composers o Italy and Germany, but mostly Vienna, capital of Austria o Franz Joseph Haydn- most recognized principal composer of Europe o Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart- Salzburg during his brilliant last decade o Ludwig van Beethoven- from the other side of Germany The Enlightenment o Joseph II o Emphasis veered away from the purely intellectual and scientific toward the social sphere o Religion ceased to be an overriding force in many peoples minds Entertainment o Divertimento- genre typical of the time, a piece designed to divert, amuse, and entertain o Viennese Classical music of Haydn and Mozart is far from this light style, but were always pleasing to the audience. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Opera o Europes first alienated intellectual, contributed articles on politics and music o Attacked the late Baroque operas- he wanted people to sing natural music o Comic opera- Giovanni Battista Pergolesis La serva padrona Concerts- 1748 First concert hall designed built in Oxford o Orchestra music was the staple o Livelihood of musicians still depended principally on court patronage, the opera house, and the church. Style features o Two concepts: natural and pleasing variety o Most striking change in music between the Baroque and the Classical periods came in rhythm Pleasing variety, flexible o Dynamics Variety and flexibility also introduced o Gradations of volume came into general use in the Classical Period Crescendo- growing louder Diminuendo- growing softer Rise of the piano at the expense of the harpsichord o Tone color Classical orchestra Heart is same as Baroque: stringed instruments etc, Difference: woodwind and brass instruments were given clearly defined, regular roles. With strings as a framework, woodwind instruments were addedadded pleasing variety Brass instruments were added in the middle range Melody Demand was for simplicity and clarity , for relief from the complex, richly ornamented lines of the Baroque period- people wanted uncomplicated, singable melodies with clear phrases Texture: homophonic (melody without harmony)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course MUSC 131 taught by Professor ? during the Fall '07 term at CofC.
- Fall '07