ARCH105- Exam 1 Terms

ARCH105- Exam 1 Terms - 9/11/2007 2:24:00 AM Introductory...

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11/09/2007 01:24:00 Introductory Terminology Vitruvius ( firmitas, utilitas, venustas ) Tension Compression Plan Elevation Section Façade  Prehistoric Post and lintel- formed by vertical and horizontal members Mortise- socket holes carved on the undersides of the lintels Tenon- knobs cut on the tops of the uprights o Stones lock together in a mortise-and-tenon joint when correctly  positioned  Megalith- great stone Egypt Mastaba type tomb- Egyptian tomb with a flat top and sloping sides, built over  a grave shaft o Brial chamber o Serdab- In Egyptian tombs, an above-ground chamber where offerings  to the deceased were placed Obelisk- at stone monolith, square in plan, with sides tapering toward a  pyramidal top Pylon- a massive entrance to an Egyptian temple, with sloping walls and a  central opening  Peristyle court- a colonnaded court or garden 
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ARCH105- Exam 1 Terms - 9/11/2007 2:24:00 AM Introductory...

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