Socy - notes gen

Socy - notes gen - Chapter 6 Deviance and Social Control:...

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Chapter 6 – Deviance and Social Control: Sickos, Perverts, Freaks, and Folks Like Us Stigma – the disapproval attached to disobeying the expected norms o Ex: neighborhood watch Neighborhood watch, safe houses for children, police assigned to particular neighborhoods o Sends a signal that deviant behavior is unacceptable o Also provide social control on behaviors of those who might be tempted to commit crimes What Is Deviance? Deviance – the violation of social norms o Evokes negative reactions from others because it violates society’s norms o Definition is somewhat imprecise – constantly changing definitions and ideas about what acts are considered deviant o Some acts are deviant in most societies most of the time – murder, assault, robbery, and rape for instance Crime – the forms of deviance where formal penalties are imposed by the society Some acts of deviance are considered serious offenses in one society but tolerated in another o Ex: prostitution, premarital or extramarital sex, gambling, and bribery Deviance is socially constructed – this means that members of groups and societies define what is deviant Some acts are deviant at one time and place and not at others o Ex: in the 1990s Andres Lopez Obrador proposed to the leading members of his party that in order to strengthen the family, men should be faithful to their roles as husbands and stop keeping mistresses in little homes – there are many cases that have been overlooked Some individuals have a higher likelihood of being labeled deviant because of the group into which they were born (such as ethnic group or a deformity) Others may escape being considered deviant because of their dominant status in society o The higher one’s status, the less likely one is to be suspected of violating norms o Ex: gays and lesbians are often said to be deviant and are accused of flaunting their sexuality but heterosexuals are rarely accused of flaunting their sexuality no matter how overly flirtatious they are Structural-Functional Perspective o Deviance also serves vital functions by setting examples of what is considered unacceptable behavior o Provides guidelines for behavior that is necessary to maintain social order o Bonds people together through their common rejection of the deviant behavior Deviance is also “functional” because it provides jobs for those who deal with deviants o Ex: police, judges, social workers, and so forth Deviance can signal problems in society that need to be addressed and can therefore stimulate
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2008 for the course SOCY 1000 taught by Professor Walden during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Socy - notes gen - Chapter 6 Deviance and Social Control:...

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