Socy - PP Week 7 - Stratification

Socy - PP Week 7 - Stratification - SOCY/WMST 1001...

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SOCY/WMST 1001 Introduction to Sociology
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General Announcements Paper description available today Anything else?
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Whaddayaknowboutstrat? All of the following are main assumptions of stratification EXCEPT: A)Wealth is the most important resource. B)People are divided into ranked categories. C)There is an unequal distribution of desired resources. D)Each society determines what it considers to be valued resources.
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Micro Perspective on Deviance and Social Control Focus on how we define deviance and what this means for people who label and are labeled and witness the labeling of people as deviant. Focus on interactive processes of meaning making,Becker’s labeling theory (although he was a bit conflicty), Goffman’s stigma management-mostly micro processes with larger implications
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Birds of a Feather….your mother was a sociologist Differential association theory- conformity or deviance is learned from those with whom we spend the most time. If you spend more time with punks than angels you become punkish If you spend more time with the kids who spend all their time studying, guess what you’ll wind up doing…. .
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Labeling theory-micro perspective with conflict roots Labeling theory- behavior is not intrinsically deviant, but becomes deviant because it is labeled as such Members of a society define what is deviant and impose sanctions for that behavior Individuals who engage in primary deviance are not labeled, but those who engage in secondary deviance are Being labeled can reinforce deviant behavior by: Increasing alienation Forcing increased interaction with deviant peers Motivating juvenile delinquents to positively value and identify with the deviant status Deviance becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy Those with less power in society are more likely to be labeled as deviants
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The Importance of Stratification Social stratification refers to how individuals and groups are layered or ranked in society according to how many valued resources they possess An ongoing sorting process (social mobility… achieved statuses) Legitimated by cultural beliefs (ideology of meritocracy) I claim in US based upon group membership which then influences/reinforces resource distribution
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Three main assumptions underlie the concept of stratification People are divided into ranked categories There is an unequal distribution of desired resources The criteria societies uses to rank others depends on: The society’s history Its geographic location Level of development The society’s political philosophy The decisions of those in power
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Socy - PP Week 7 - Stratification - SOCY/WMST 1001...

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