Socy - PP Week 9 - Gender and the Family

Socy - PP Week 9 - Gender and the Family - SOCY 1001...

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Unformatted text preview: SOCY 1001 Introduction to Sociology Theoretical Explanations of Dominant- Minority Group Relations: Structural Functional Theory Prejudice, racism, and discrimination are dysfunctional for society in many ways They result in a loss of human resources They cost society due to poverty and crime They maintain hostilities between groups And they fuel disrespect for those in power Theoretical Explanations of Dominant- Minority Group Relations: Cultural Explanations Prejudice and discrimination are passed on from generation to generation through cultural transmission through socialization, institutional structure, and media stereotypes Stereotypes limit the opportunities available to minority group members The Effects of Prejudice, Racism, and Discrimination Individual Effects Unequal life chances, health, and access to property Victims can also have low self-esteem from devalued status in society Organizations and communities Lose the talents of individuals they exclude Government subsidies cost millions but made necessary by lack of opportunities for minority individuals Cultural costs Attempts to justify racism by stereotyping and labeling Minority Reactions to Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism Five common reactions to dealing with a minority group status: Assimilation Acceptance Avoidance Aggression Change-oriented Action Policies to Reduce Prejudice, Racism, and Discrimination Micro-Level Policies Individual or Small Group Therapy-psych Consciousness raising, multicultural education Meso-Level Policies Organized group contact Macro-Level Policies Lobbying, educational information dissemination, canvassing Government agencies Civil Rights Commission, Fair Employment Practices Commission, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Legislation Nonviolent Resistance Protest marches, rallies, watchdog monitoring, and boycotts Policies to Reduce Prejudice, Racism, and Discrimination Affirmative Action is a social policy created to change the unequal distribution of resources Strict affirmative action is a policy that involves affirmative or positive steps to make sure that unintended discrimination does not occur Quota systems are policies that require employers to hire a certain percentage of minorities Preference policies are policies based on the belief that sometime people must be treated differently in order to treat them fairly and to create equality Starting assumptions of sociological perspective on gender Gender roles are socially constructed Gender roles are created by humans to meet the needs of their societies and then become institutionalized Life chances in the stratification system depend upon the combination of age and sex (and race and class) Sex, gender, and stratification Sex- common sense explanation=biological category Irksome sociology=determined by socially accepted biological criteria Intersexed- persons with ambiguous genitalia as problematizing the categories...
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Socy - PP Week 9 - Gender and the Family - SOCY 1001...

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