23.1 - I. II. III. Living From the Land a. A series of...

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I. Living From the Land a. A series of innovations in agriculture and industry led to profound economic and social change throughout Europe and the United States. b. Urban industrial economies emerged in these areas and eventually spread around the world. c. This transformation, which became known as the Industrial Revolution, began when power-driven machinery in factories replaced work done in homes- altering the way people and lived and worked for hundreds of years. d. Cloth making provides a dramatic example of the far-reaching effects of the Industrial Revolution. e. In the 1700’s a home weaver worked many hours to produce a yard of cloth. f. A century later, a worker operating machines in a textile mill could make 50 times more cloth. g. As adventurous businesspeople brought machines and workers together in factories, industries produced mass quantities of goods. h. Millions of people in search of new opportunities to make a living left rural villages to find a factory work in growing towns and cities. i. A new era of mechanization had arrived. II. A Harsh Way of Life a. Before the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in the 1700’s, people lived in much the same way their ancestors had lived for hundreds of years. b. Nature’s seasons and religious traditions measured time, and social change was rare. c. Relying almost solely on farming to make a living, people planted and harvested fields, hoped for good weather, and lived always under the threat of disease. d. Families, both rich and poor, remained relatively small because of a very high infant death rate. e. One baby in three died in his or her 1 st year of life, and only one in 2 people reached age 21. f. Life expectancy hovered around age 40. g. People expected life to be short and harsh. h. As one mother in the 1770’s said after her baby’s death “One cannot grieve after her much, and I have just now other things to think of.” i. Only 25 % of Europeans lived in towns or cities in the 1700’s. j.
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23.1 - I. II. III. Living From the Land a. A series of...

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