Confucianism and Daoism

Confucianism and Daoism - Confucianism and Daoism Learning...

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1 Confucianism and Daoism Learning from the young rice plants
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2 Final Exam THU 05/01/2008, 03:30 PM - 06:30 PM, NSC 225 (A-L), NSC 216 (M-Z) 1) 75% Multiple Choice True-False: based on “History Notes” sections Class lecture notes 2) 25% Essay Question (see class website)
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3 Miss Manners Replies Gentle Reader: A gentleman must, in these circumstances, take what he is offered. If it is a hand, shake it. If it is a cheek, kiss it. If it is a pair of lips, kiss it. If it keeps reappearing, it must be rekissed. Remember that we are talking about a formal, public gesture, and the fact that parts of the body and ways they are used may duplicate private expressions of emotion is irrelevant. Just because gentlemen no longer have the exclusive right to initiate private kissing does not mean that they may now share in the ladies’ privilege of initiating—or withholding —public kissing.
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4 Absolute and Relative in Morality Inner spirit: respect for other people Learn this in your family Begin with your parents External expression: relative to culture In US: handshake; high fives In France: kiss three times on both cheeks successively In India: greet someone by placing hands in prayer position and bowing
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5 Contradiction in Confucius? (1) Overflow with love for all humanity (2) Should you treat injury with kindness? “What do you say concerning the principle that injury should be recompensed with kindness?” The Master said, “With what then will you recompense kindness? Recompense injury with justice, and recompense kindness with kindness.” Compare Jesus: “Turn the other cheek.”
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6 Solution to contradiction Inner respect: jen: Therefore love everyone . External behavior: li But do not behave the same way to everyone. Apply to misbehaving child Love the child But “punish” the behavior Lesson: all actions have consequences
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7 Mencius on how to unite the Empire Mencius saw King Hsiang of Liang. Coming away, he said to someone, ‘When I saw him at a distance he did not look like a ruler of men and when I went close to him I did not see anything that commanded respect. Abruptly he asked me, ‘Through what can the Empire be settled?’
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‘ “Through unity,” I said. ‘ “Who can unite it?”
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Confucianism and Daoism - Confucianism and Daoism Learning...

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