Confucius Says - Lecture 15 Confucius Says 1 Todays Topics...

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1 Lecture 15 Confucius Says
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2 Today’s Topics Foundation of Chinese Neo-Kinship society Political Philosophy of Chinese Neo-Kinship: King as Good Father of All The Mandate of Heaven Essential ideas of Confucian philosophy Jen and Li The Doctrine of the Mean Absolute and Relative in Morality Contradiction in Confucius?
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3 Why first states in the cold north? Loess deposits: Allow surpluses with primitive technology Civilization trap!! Irrigation system (by state) Provides technological assistance reinforces trap In warm, rice-growing south: mobility is possible
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4 Social Origins of First Chinese States “The Xia, like the later Shang and Zhou, seems to have been ruled by specific internal clans , each with its own king. As in many cultures, kingship and kinship were interrelated.” Spodek, 93. “Specific” clans rule over other clans
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5 Pattern of growth of the state Warrior nomads of the north Periodic conquests, such as by the Mongols Border area Chinese kinship groups (clans) defend themselves; develop military skills Conquer more interior peoples (clans) > One specific ruling clan rules over other clans
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6 Neo-Kinship Society One clan group rules others Head of clan > king of society Kinship + hierarchy = Kinship system adapts to civilization Kinship not replaced by legal unification
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7 Sharp class division under Shang City of Louyang: “to the north were the dwellings and graves of the wealthy and powerful, marked by ritual bronze vessels and sacrificial victims; to the south were the dwellings of the commoners and their burial places in trash pits.” Spodek, 95
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8
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9 Bronze Age Hierarchy See Shang dynasty bronze wine vessel, p. 93
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course UGC 111 taught by Professor Lawler during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Confucius Says - Lecture 15 Confucius Says 1 Todays Topics...

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