Chapter05-PREVIEW-SPRING2008

Chapter05-PREVIEW-SPRING2008 - Explanation in History

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Explanation in History
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2 Www.buffalo.edu/~jlawler jlawler@buffalo.edu
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3 Science and Teleology “Unlike many existing creation myths, especially biblical myths, evolutionary theory postulated no teleology , no ethical or moral goals and purposes of life.” Spodek, p. 9.
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4 Two kinds of explanation How? Mechanical cause Why? Purpose (teleology)
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5 Purposeful human behavior I woke early this morning Mechanical Cause: alarm clock Teleological Cause -- I set it purposefully I was late for class Mechanical cause -- construction on Grand Island bridge Purpose?
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6 Higher purpose? Science: conflicting events > no over-all purpose Parallelogram of forces; chains of causes Teleological explanations God’s (the gods’) external will, purpose Other: Fate, Karma, “Cunning of Reason,” balance of Yin and Yang …, Synchronicity “Marriages are made in heaven” How?
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7 Ancient teleological perspective Natural, spontaneous approach: meaningful, purposeful world Animism of early peoples The sun, moon, stars, planets revolve around the earth Ptolemaic astronomy/astrology Ancient science: World is as it appears
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8 Copernican revolution in science Universe, reality does not revolve around
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Chapter05-PREVIEW-SPRING2008 - Explanation in History

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