Rise of the State

Rise of the State - Rise of the State From the Agricultural...

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1 Rise of the State From the Agricultural Revolution to the Hierarchical State
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Shamash and Hammurabi 2 Which is which? (Spodek, 59) Gods look like kings (and vice versa) Separation of ruler from ruled Separation of divine from human God-given laws cement human divisions Rich and poor Men and women
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3 Hierarchy: human and divine A: Beliefs (consciousness) Gods rule over nature, over humans King/priest as mediator between gods and people “Man” rules over nature B: Social relations: Kings (wealthy landowners) rule over peasants Does A cause B, or does B cause A?
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4 Which level is most important in causing change? New consciousness? (historical idealism) G.W.F. Hegel New practical relations (to nature and to society)? (historical materialism) Karl Marx (Spodek, 60) Which approach best explains the rise of the new religion of anthropomorphic polytheism?
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5 Outline 1) Two theories of history: L or U? 2) What caused the agricultural revolution? Stages 3) What caused the rise of the state?
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6 L Theory of History 110,000 years of kinship society 5,500 years of “civilization” Growing technology Increasing social inequality Plus growing environmental destruction
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7 U theory of history 110,000 years of kinship society with primitive technology 5,500 years of inequality and oppression creation of advanced technology Future: global kinship with advanced technology
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8 End of “civilization”? Social: Democracy, equality Continued inequalities or new equality? Political rights: 200 years old? 40 years old? (Voting Rights Act of 1965) Movement for women’s equality Nature, technology and consciousness Continue domination over nature or
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Rise of the State - Rise of the State From the Agricultural...

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