Plate and Greek History

Plate and Greek History - 1 10 Plato and Greek History 2...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 10. Plato and Greek History 2 Outline • 1) Relation to nature (last lecture) – Geography – Basic technology • 2) Relation between people – continued – Important chronology – Meaning of Solon’s reforms • 3) Consciousness: from religion to philosophy: Plato – continued 3 Important Dates • (1) 600 Solon • 500 (d) Cleisthenes • (2) 490-465 Persian Wars • (3) 461-451; 431-404 Peloponnesian Wars • 441 Sophocles’ Antigone • 399 Death of Socrates • (4) 334-323 Alexander’s conquests Previous slides • Two obstacles to freedom: – external (Persians) – and internal: growth of inequality and debt servitude • Two solutions: flight and fight – Not a “civilization trap” • Military advantages of the poor • Military need of the rich 4 5 Solon’s Reforms • Cancels debt servitude; • Outlaws enslavement of Athenians • Political power to ordinary male farmer – Two chamber government • = Compromise, cross-class state 6 Winners and Losers • Enslavement of foreigners still allowed • Women, foreigners, slaves do not participate • > Aristocracy survives, grows stronger • Fate of small farmer? 7 Solon’s Balancing Act • Inequality: rich (aristocracy) control more and more land • Poor outnumber them, threaten to take land back • Solon’s legal reforms for a new State society: – Share political power with small farmers – Keep economic rights to property 8 Rousseau on the victory of the rich over the poor • The outcome was “. . . the most thought-out project that ever entered the human mind. It was to use in his favor the very strength of those who attacked him, to turn his adversaries into his defenders… to give them other institutions which were as favorable to him as natural right was unfavorable to him.” 9...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course UGC 111 taught by Professor Bono during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Plate and Greek History - 1 10 Plato and Greek History 2...

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