23.2_Notes - 23.2 The Beginnings of Change I Introduction A...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
23.2 The Beginnings of Change I. Introduction A. For hundreds of years, British farmers had planted crops and kept livestock on unfenced private and public lands. a. Village society depended on this system. b. The system was ended by the late 1700s- wealthy British landowners had been purchasing land since the 1100s. B. The landowners felt that larger farms with enclosed fields would increase farming efficiency and productivity. a. This enclosure movement was supported by Parliament. Laws were passed allowing landowners to take over and fence off common lands. b. By the 1700s, the movement caused many small farmers to move to towns and cities to find work. At this time, landowners began practicing new, more efficient farming methods. C. To raise crop yields, landowners mixed different kinds of soils and used new crop-rotation systems. a. Lord Charles Townshend urged the growing of turnips to enrich exhausted soil. b. Robert Bakewell bred stronger horses for barnwork and fatter sheep and cattle for meat. c. Inventor Jethro Tull made a seed drill that allowed farmers to plant seeds in orderly columns. d. As farming techniques advanced, the quantity, quality, and profitability of farm goods shot up. II. Great Britain Leads the Way A. The agricultural revolution helped Great Britain to lead the industrial revolution. a. Farming business provided landowners with money to invest in growing industries. b. Many displaced farmers became industrial workers. c. These things put Great Britain in a great position for industrial success. 1. Money and Industry A. Capital , or money to invest in labor, machines, and raw materials, is essential for the growth of industry. a.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/28/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Grant during the Fall '07 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Page1 / 2

23.2_Notes - 23.2 The Beginnings of Change I Introduction A...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online