24.3 - I. Improved Living Conditions 1. The medical...

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I. Improved Living Conditions 1. The medical advances of the 1800s were partly responsible for this dramatic growth in population. a. so too was the availability of more an better food. b. Before 1740 many people died of starvation and of diseases caused by vitamin efficiency such as rickets. c. At that time a person’s entire daily diet might have consisted of three pounds of bread. 2. In the 1800s, however, bread ceased to be than staple it had been for centuries. a. with new machinery and scientific methods, farmers could produce many kinds of foods. b. Potatoes, nutritious and easy to grow, became popular. c. Methods for preserving foods, including canning and eventually refrigeration, enabled people to take advantage of the greater variety of food that was available. 3. one observer of working-class life in London during the late 1890s wrote: “A good deal of bread is eaten and tea is drunk especially by the women and children, but . . . bacon, eggs and fish appear regularly in the budgets. A piece of meat cooked on Sundays serves also for dinner on Monday and Tuesdays.” 4. Some Europeans imported corn from the United States and fruit and frozen meat from Australia and New Zealand. A. Seeking a Better Life 1. As the population grew, people became more mobile. a. railroads revolutionized not only the food people ate, but also the way they lived. b. In 1860 London’s Victoria Station opened, making it easier for Londoners to leave their crowded city. c. Steamships carried people to other countries and continents in search of a better life. d. Between 1870 and 1900, more than 25 million people left Europe for the United States; other moved to South America, South Africa, and Australia. 2. For a number of reasons some Europeans chose emigration , leaving their homelands to settle elsewhere. a. some looked for higher-paying jobs and better working conditions. b. Others sought to escape discrimination and persecution by oppressive governments. c. Still others hoped to escape famine. 3. Advertisements of steamship companies, along with low fares, lured many immigrants to the United states. a. industries looking for cheap labor offered additional encouragement.
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b. Some American industrialists sent recruiters whose task was to urge people to leave Europe and obtain permanent jobs and homes in the United States. 4. Twelve-year-old Mary Antin joined thousands of Russian Jews fleeing persecution in 1894. a. Many years earlier Mary’s father had decided on immigration , or coming to settle permanently in a foreign land.
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Grant during the Fall '07 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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24.3 - I. Improved Living Conditions 1. The medical...

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