25.2 Notes - 25.2 The Dominions I. Introduction A. As Great...

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25.2 The Dominions I. Introduction A. As Great Britain moved toward greater democracy, the British Empire reached its height. a. Its colonies made up ¼ of the world’s land and people. b. Great Britain became the richest and most powerful country in the world. c. Political changes were undergoing- colonies such as Canada , Australia , and New Zealand sought self-government. II. Canada A. By the mid-1800s, Canada consisted of a number of British colonies dependent on the British government. a. Its population was ethnically divided between the French, immigrant British, and descendants of the Loyalists - Americans loyal to Great Britain during the American Revolution. b. Britons and Loyalists lived in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and near the Great Lakes. The French were concentrated in the St. Lawrence River Valley. B. In 1763, as a prize for their victory in the French and Indian War, the British gained control of Quebec, which included most of French Canada. a. The French in Quebec firmly resisted British Colonial rule. b. They were irritated by the British immigrants that began flowing in about 1760. C. To solve the growing English and French problem, the British government passed the Constitutional Act of 1791. a. Quebec was divided into Lower Canada and Upper Canada. b. Lower Canada was French-speaking, and Upper was English. c. Each colony had an assembly whose laws could be vetoed by the governor appointed by the British government. D.
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25.2 Notes - 25.2 The Dominions I. Introduction A. As Great...

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