C2 - 1 Before the Constitution a Declaration of Independence 1 A call to revolution liberty,equality individual rights self-government lawful powers 2

C2 - 1 Before the Constitution a Declaration of...

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1 Before the Constitution a Declaration of Independence 1 A call to revolution - liberty ,equality, individual rights, self-government, lawful powers 2 John Locke - inalienable rights (life, liberty and property) i Social contract - government has responsibility to preserve rights 2 Thomas Jefferson i "all men are created equal" (snorts. Absolute nonsense. Anyway.) ii Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness iii Just powers come from the consent of the governed 2 Articles of Confederation i Adopted during the revolutionary war ii Created weak national government 1 Negotiating towards a Constitution a The 3/5th's compromise : issues of slavery and trade 1 Congress agreed not to tax exports, outlaw slavery a 60% (3/5) of enslaved people counted for apportionment of taxes and political representation. b The Great Compromise 1 a bicameral (two-house) Congress 2 VA Plan: Representation based on population 3 Larger states had more leverage b NJ Plan : Each state had 1 vote c Equal power to all states 1 The End Result a House of Reps. : proportional representation

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