Psychology Notes- exam IV

Psychology Notes- exam IV - Psychology Notes: Exam IV Sex,...

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Psychology Notes: Exam IV Sex, Evolution, and Mate Selection Buss Study (37 cultures on 6 continents) - Men Interested in casu al sex Prefer young er more attractive partners Jealous more about sexual infidelities than loss of e motional com mitm ent - Women Prefer older partners with high status and mon ey More ups et by loss of e motional co m mitm ent than b eing sexually unfaithful Why do thes e preferences exist? - Evolved in respons e to differing reproductive challenges - Women invest m ore time and en ergy into reproduction a nd nurturing - Reproductive success of m e n d ep ends on their m at e’s fertility Milgra m Study - “Teachers” were told by experimenters to shock the “learner’s” when they respond ed with an incorrect word p air - Results 2/3 of Milgra m’s subjects (26 of 40) went to the full 450 volts Of those who defied the exp erimenter, not one stopped before the 300 volt level - Implications (what results can tell us) When directions com e from authority, p eople rationalize that they are not personally responsible for their actions Compliance: A.) Foot- in- the door effect A person who first agre es to a s m all requ est is later more likely to co mply with a large d e m a nd
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B.) Door- in- the face effect A tendency for a person who has refused a major request to agree to a smaller one C.) Low- Ball technique Get a person to commit to an act, then make the term of acting less desirable Prejudice and Discrimination A.) Prejudice- a negative emotional attitude held towards members of a specific social gr 1.) Personal Prejudice- members of another ethnic group are perceived as a threat to one own interests 2.) Group Prejudice- A person conforms to group norms B.) Discrimination- unequal treatment of people who should have the same rights as oth Development of Prejudice: A.) Form of scapegoating - Blaming a person or group for the actions of others. A type of “displaced aggression” which hostilities triggered by frustration are redirected at “safer” targets B.) Direct experiences - Develop through actual experiences with members of the rejected group C.) A general personality characteristic - Result of having an authoritarian personality. You place your own group at the center, usually rejecting all other groups (superior to all others) Conformity: Definition: when we change our behavior, attitudes, or beliefs in response to real or imagined group pressure Example: hate nerds because you are in the “popular” group Asch Study: Results - 37% conformed to the group judgments and chose the wrong answer (over 100 participants) compared to - Those who picked alone had 99% correctness (control group) Factors Influencing Conformity
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1.) Normative social influence- desire to be liked and accepted by the group 2.) Informational social influence or desire to be right. We look to the group as a source of accurate information
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Psychology Notes- exam IV - Psychology Notes: Exam IV Sex,...

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