Out of Many 28- The Civil Rights Movement

Out of Many 28 The - Rosa Parks touched off a civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King Jr with the principles of nonviolence Christian love

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Rosa Parks touched off a civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King, Jr. with the principles of nonviolence,  Christian love, and unity.  The movement had inner conflicts.  The civil rights movement created new social identities for African Americans and profoundly changed  American society.  Key Topics: Legal and political origins of the African American civil rights struggle  Martin Luther King's rise to leadership  Student protesters and direct action in the South  Civil rights and national politics  Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965  America's other minorities  Origins of the Movement The experiences of African Americans during World War II and immediately after laid the foundation for the civil  rights struggle of the 1950s and 1960s.  Civil Rights After World War II The boom in wartime production spurred a mass migration of nearly a million black Southerners to northern  cities, where they had greater economic opportunities and political freedom. They learned the power of biracial  unity in unions.  After the war, civil rights issues returned to the national stage. Racial issues caused a split in the Democratic  party.  The NAACP won court decisions, but enforcement was often lacking.  In the 1940s, Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in major league baseball and a created a new form of  jazz that whites found difficult to copy.  The Segregated South In the late 1940s, only about 10 percent of eligible southern black people voted. Poll taxes, other restrictions,  and violence prevented blacks from voting.  Despite Jim Crow laws, contact between black and whites was ironically close. Blacks worked on white-owned  plantations and in white households.  "In the South, they don't care how close you get as long as you don't get too big; in the North, they don't care  how big you get as long as you don't get too close."  Survival and self-respect depended on patience and stoicism. "We Wear the Mask".  Brown v. Board of Education
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Rather than attacking segregation head-on, civil rights attorneys sought complete equality in segregated  facilities. The aim was to make segregation prohibitively expensive.  In 1939, the Supreme Court ruled that the University of Missouri law school mus either admit African  Americans or build another, fully equal law school for them.  The NAACP finally attacked segregation directly in Brown v. Board of Education. Thurgood Marshall used  sociological and psychological evidence that went beyond standard legal arguments.  When Chief Justice Fred Vinson died suddenly, Eisenhower appointed Earl Warren. 
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Jeffreyschulze during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Out of Many 28 The - Rosa Parks touched off a civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King Jr with the principles of nonviolence Christian love

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