notes 2008-01-14

notes 2008-01-14 - Indian Wars Sand Creek Massacre Custer's...

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Indian Wars Sand Creek Massacre Custer's Last Stand Ghost Dance Wounded Knee Lakota/Sioux Chivington Paiute/Wovoka (referred to as Jack Wilson) Pine Ridge Very loose confederation of Sioux bans on the northern plains. Subsisted by hunting buffalo. Army commanders encouraged the slaughter of the buffalo. 1864 at Sand Creek, Colorado. John Evans decided to expel all Indians from Colorado. He started encouraging the militia group “Colorado Volunteers” to raid Cheyenne villages. Colonel John Chivington attacked a Cheyenne village that was supposed to be under the protection of a US fort while most of the Indian men were hunting. While the Indian leader waved a US flag, drunken soldiers came in and killed Indian women and children and mutilated their corpses. Sand Creek sparked off much more intense Indian retaliation. 1874 Civil War hero Colonel Custer led an expedition into Indian lands (the Black Hills, the sacred land of the Sioux) and announced that gold had been discovered. other things
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notes 2008-01-14 - Indian Wars Sand Creek Massacre Custer's...

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